Monday, January 20, 2020

In Opposition of Eugenics and Human Embryo Research Essay -- Argumenta

In Opposition of Eugenics and Human Embryo Research There are a variety of views of eugenics and all that it entails. The definition of eugenics is "the science of improving the physical and mental qualities of human beings through control of the factors influencing heredity," ( Funk and Wagnall's, 1984). Others think eugenics is the social control of human genetic evolution, an ideology of racism and genocide, thought to improve society and halt disease while others think only of the Nazi Regime (Saetz, 1985 and McGee, 1997). Eugenics has a long and tumultous past but with the mapping of the human genome and research on human embryos, where will eugenics lead the wolrd in the near future? There are two main practices of eugenics: positive eugenics, increasing the procreation of those with "desireable" traits, including high IQ, physical attractiveness, resistance to disease, etc., and negative eugenics, halting the procreation of those with "undesirable" traits through sterilization, abortion, infanticide, birth control and couseling (Saetz, 1985 and Davis, 1981). Und...

Sunday, January 12, 2020

`In Another Country` By E. Hemingway Essay

Hemingway creates a powerful and true-to-life story about real experience of many soldiers who came home but remember all casualties and hardship they were faced with during the WWI. On the other hand, their stories full of bravery, honor and courage. They need to adapt to new world, but the only way for them is to change their habits and personal values. Settings and objects reflect inner psychological state of the characters and help readers to grasp the idea at once, follow plot development and conflict resolution. Thesis In the short story, settings and objects help the author to reflect inner psychological experience of soldiers and emotional burden of the war. The hospital serves as a symbol that represents pain and sufferings, death and hopes. This setting gives insight analysis of deep personal feelings of soldiers and their experience during this war time. Within the story Hemingway skillfully portrays casualties of the ar underlining the evolution of characters, their emotional state, caused by sufferings and enormous psychological burden carried by soldiers after the war. â€Å"We were all at the hospital every afternoon, and there were different ways of walking across the town through the dusk to the hospital† (Hemingway). According to Neiberg (2004), the war experience was the shock for the main characters who return home. Hemingway depicts that this is the most difficult time for all soldiers to come to grips with changes occurred in their native countries and communities. He symbolically describes this experience as ‘a bridge’ between war and old life. â€Å"You crossed a bridge across a canal to enter the hospital. There was a choice of three bridges† (Hemingway, n.d. ). This setting underlines that every solder can choose his life path, but all of them are joined by war memories and feelings. Deep human emotions embroil reality and imaginary world of the hero, but Hemingway leaves it to readers to decide what is the most important for the soldiers and what is real for them. The author gives only some hints to the reader to comprehend the meaning of the bridge. It implies not only wisdom, but also the whole life of a person, who has a right to choose which path to go, it represents isolation and rejection of reality. Hemingway describes only one of them underlining that the main characters were suppressed by circumstances and could choose their life path: â€Å"On one of them a woman sold roasted chestnuts† (Hemingway, n. d. ). In â€Å"In Another Country†, the town reflects inner psychological experience of the friends. The main setting, â€Å"the Cova†, appears in the story several times. The narrator pays a special attention to it which reflects his psychological experience and perception of events around him. The narrator uses the following descriptions of it: â€Å"Although, as we walked to the Cova through the though part of town, walking in the dark, with light and singing coming out of the wine-shops† (Hemingway, n. d. ). It is possible to say that the character development is â€Å"slow†, because the main heroes do not want to make any changes in their life resisting strongly modern world they enter (Nagel, 1996). Physical settings of the story depict new world and changes. To some extent, they reflect the personality of the men and their reaction towards new world. The setting of ‘the Cova’ symbolizes unity and friendship, mutual understanding and support. Psychological pressure is caused by war, but Hemingway portrays it symbolically through material and emotional experience, evolution of emotional perception of the world and values. â€Å"The girls at the Cova were very patriotic, and I found that the most patriotic people in Italy were the cafe girls – and I believe they are still patriotic† (Hemingway, n. d. ). Social context of the short story helps to understand resistance of the main characters to accept novelty. After the war, they come to another alien world they know nothing about. Hemingway does not speak directly but the main problem mentioned by Neiberg (2004) is that nobody wants to listen to old soldiers and their war stories being sick and tired of casualties of war. In the story Hemingway uses a lot of symbolic details that helps to unveil the message of the story and create a unique atmosphere of events take place after the war time. â€Å"Machine† represents the hope to recover. Although, many soldiers do not believe in this treatment method like â€Å"the major who came very regularly to the hospital. I do not think he ever missed a day, although I am sure he did not believe in the machines† (Hemingway, n. d. ). â€Å"Machine† represents escape from reality and society in general. On the other hand, ‘Machine’ shows that past experience is more essential for the main characters than their present and future. The character of the major teaches viewers to distinguish between social prestige and moral worth. The major’s attitude towards war is not accompanied by a moral decline but shows that there is no difference for society between true stories and imaginary tales. The main heroes try to escape from this new world and new setting in the hospital as the only possible way to overcome enormous emotional and psychological pressure. From the psychological point of view, the image of hero represented by the four men is caused by the feeling of personal freedom and courage. Social values help to form their individual identities and let them stand out from the crowd. In this case, the soldiers embody personal democracy which is closely connected with love and adventures. Hemingway took part in the WWI and knew from his own experience what courage meant (Meyers 1997). The medals are another important objects which reflects proud and courage. â€Å"We all had the same medals, except the boy with the black silk bandage across his face, and he had not been at the front long enough to get any medals† (Hemingway, n. d. ). Society’s response to heroism defines it as a set of behavior patters and beliefs that valued by the society. To some extent, the soldiers inherit the ideals of the dream, such as personal freedom and social justice. In some cases, world order and justice can be achieved only in blood battles with enemies, so the heroes had to use to use their physical strength against evil. They were persons who took risks: â€Å"I would imagine myself having done all the things they had done to get their medals† (Hemingway, n. d. ). Using the setting of the hospital, the symbol of the machine and medals, Hemingway depicts that the men live in the past where everything is familiar to them: battles, human relations, settings. Within the story Hemingway shows that the core difference between a soldiers and a civilian is in their inner perception of the world. A civilian does not constantly understand all the duties he might to discharge and obligations he might to carry out. As a soldier, a man does not rely upon the others; he is the only one who makes decisions and answer for the consequences (Bourne, 2001). â€Å"The three with the medals were like hunting-hawks; and I was not a hawk, although I might seem a hawk to those who had never hunted† (Hemingway, n. d. ). To some extent, the evolution of characters depicts the state of maturity which cannot be measured by knowledge level or life struggles. It is an attitude of a soldier towards life, his ability to rule it and the ability to accept the reality. Through the settings and objects unveils Hemingway the issue of moral health of the soldiers and evolution of personality. He depicts that in spite of all the negative life lessons soldiers understand what it is to be an individual. Hemingway shows that the inner state of the soldiers has changed. On the other hand, war causes people to become insensitive. The settings of the hospital and the town are powerful reflecting inner state of the men and giving some hints to readers to imagine their feelings and emotional state. Through the detailed settings the story suggests something of the historical loss for the men of transferring the sense of self to relationships with civil society. Works Cited Page 1. Bourne, J. M. Who’s Who in world War One. Routledge, 2001 2. Hemingway, E. In Another Country. n. d. 3. Meyers, J. Ernest Hemingway: The Critical Heritage. Routledge, 1997. 4. Nagel, J. Ernest Hemingway: The Oak Park Legacy. University of Alabama Press, 1996. 5. Neiberg, M. S. Warfare & Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present. Routledge, 2004.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Essay about Greek and Japanese Architecture - 865 Words

Greek and Japanese Architecture For a great many years, architecture has been a breaking point for different artisticeras in history. Some of the most famous â€Å"works of art† have been chapels, temples, and tombs. Among the most dominant and influential eras of great architecture are the sophisticated, stoic Greeco-Roman periods and the more mystical, elemental Japanese eras. These two very distinct and very different eras have more in common than you may realize. When work began on the Parthenon in 447 BC, the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. Work on the temple continued until 432; the Parthenon, then, represents the tangible and visible blossoming of Athenian imperial power, impaired by the damages of the†¦show more content†¦Currently, Japans modern architecture is having a striking influence on global architecture. Japanese architecture is an inherent part of Japanese culture, and even Tokyos most modern high-tech buildings draw their inspiration from old Japanese design. Japans ancient castles and palaces, timber houses, tatami-mat tea rooms and Zen gardens, Shinto shrines, and Buddhist temples, as well as the latest shopping centers, sports facilities, residential complexes, office towers, department stores, and high-tech structures are some excellent examples of Japanese Architecture ( Japan is described as a country of wood, and the reverence of natural materials. The depths of the love and admiration that the Japanese people have for wood are famous, which is similar to the Greek love of pristine marble and its smooth surfaces. This can be seen in an old Japanese expression plants and trees all have something to say, Japanese believe that trees have a soul and say they can sense spirits, or kami, within them. It is trees that form the core which nurtures the sensibilities about nature held by the Japanese people. It is thus natural for architecture in Japan to be based on wood. Many structures are made of wood, ranging from shrines and temples to palaces and homes, and in doing so grand structures have been created (Stokstad). Castles and palaces datingShow MoreRelatedFrank Lloyd Wright : A Comparison Of Modern Architecture988 Words   |  4 PagesThroughout my day trip to Chicago, Illinois as part of American Experience, there was one question that behind my experiences that guided my thoughts: â€Å"What does modern architecture mean?† It is a simple question to ask, but a much more difficult question to answer. After all, we hardly even recognize the styles behind the buildings we see and use everyday, let alone what those styles represent. However, after careful study of some of best examples of American architectural style, the answer to thatRead MoreModernist Architecture During The 19th Century1459 Words   |  6 PagesModernist architecture emerged in the late 19th century, as a response to rapid changes in technology which created new perceptions of time and space. Some of the features of modern architecture included the extensive use of modern materials like glass and steel, the rejecti on of history and a simplification of forms by the reduction of ornament. One of the first modernist architects was Louis Sullivan, who coined the phrase ‘Form Follows Function’. To Sullivan this meant the elimination of ornamentRead MoreArchitecture Is The Thoughtful Making Of Space1268 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Architecture is the thoughtful making of space† said Louis Kahin. This is because architecture is the act of taking space and transforming it into a grand masterpiece using creativity, imagination and skills. 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It can be argued that architecture and design have proved more significantRead MoreMuseum Collection Hum 2051817 Words   |  8 Pages Museum Collection 2 Classical and Hellenistic Greece One of the most well known piece of this time, is the statue called Ludovisi Gaul killing himself and his wife, also known as The Galatian Suicide. The original was made by Greek sculptors commissioned by Attalus I after his victories over the Gauls of Galatia. This is a statue of A man about to drive a dagger into his chest all while holding a dying woman (his wife) and looking over his shoulder, defiantly. The originalRead MoreCharles Sullivan And Frank Lloyd Wright2241 Words   |  9 PagesPrairie School architecture is one of the most definitive types of North American architecture. From the long sloping roofs to the handcrafted look that these buildings convey, there is nothing quite like the way that the Prairie School shaped the American Midwest. 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Presently, Americans have such a wide selection of foods to choose from including but not limited to Mexican, Chinese, Italian, Greek, Thai, and Japanese. In the agricultural industry, researchers have taken domestic plants and bred them with international plants to create a more desirable embryonic plant which grows to have only the best characteristics of the two plants. This idealistic

Friday, December 27, 2019

Reconstruction Era of the United States and African...

92. In 1865 an appointment was held between representatives of an African American community in Savannah, Georgia and Edwin Staunton, Secretary of War, and Major General Sherman concerning topics of the freedman in Georgia. Land was set aside, 40 acres, and a mule that could no longer be used by the Army to establish a community of their own. 1. Black leaders believed that owning land was essential to freedom because by them owning their own land they would be able to support themselves by themselves. 2. Blacks understand their relationship to the national government as the Civil War drew to a close as being dependent upon their freedom. Q: Why 40 acres and a broken down mule? Do you believe they deserved more/less land? Did they not†¦show more content†¦95. This was a sharecropping contract between Thomas J. Ross, a land owner, and 8 freedmen. The contract set the rules, regulations, and remunerations for sharecropping Ross’s land. 1. The contract limits the freedom of the laborers in that they are still under the power of the land owner, with essentially the same rules as being a slave except they were getting paid in the crop for their work. 2. The benefits for the freed people of the sharecropping arrangement the security of land to work and half the harvest, the risks of the sharecropping arrangement would have been the chance of little crop and still being dependant on the Whites. Q: Do you feel as though sharecropping as a whole, with the good and the bad, was a good idea? 96. During the Reconstruction period Elizabeth Staunton demanded the idea of equality for women. In her essay she expressed ways that men and women are equal but not seen as being so, she also believed that women should be able to vote. 1. Stanton defined the â€Å"social revolution† the United States underwent after the Civil War as because it went deep down to the very foundation of society. 2. Stanton believed that industrial freedom within the family could be established by first changing the laws and public opinion. Q: How do you think that women felt not having any rights even after the Civil war that once again establishedShow MoreRelatedThe Civil War And Reconstruction Period Essay1619 Words   |  7 PagesThe Civil War and Reconstruction period provided African American people with a legal definition of citizenship through three constitutional amendments. Beginning with the 13th Amendment slavery was abolished, then 14th Amendment provided equal protection under the law, and lastly the 15th Amendment allowed all men, including African Americans, the ability to vote. However, the transition from enslavement to freedom was a difficult and terrifying one for most black women as they had little or noRead MoreReconstruction Era1650 Words   |  7 PagesReconstruction 1 The Reconstruction Era Jessica Onken American History Since 1865 Professor Tim Johnston August 2, 2010 Reconstruction 2 The Reconstruction Era The reconstruction era was a difficult time for the African American slaves from 1865 to 1877 because the slaves were freed and there were no jobs for them, had very little or no education, and had very limited opportunity in the south. Reconstruction was one of the most critical periods in American History. The CivilRead MoreReconstruction Of The Reconstruction Era1587 Words   |  7 PagesThe Reconstruction Era was known as a time to reconstruct the United States of America by the expansion of governmental power that began in 1865. â€Å"There were two central problems that animated Reconstruction; providing justice for freedmen and facilitating national reconciliation. (A New Birth of Freedom, pg. 1) After the 12 year span, reconstructing the nation succeeded in only a few of the goals that were set out to achieve within those 12 years that it was in progress. The Reconstruction’s intentionsRead MoreAfrican Americans Fight For Liberation1670 Words   |  7 Pagesin a n unjust world. African Americans fight for liberation in the early to mid-1900s has paid off in many ways, but it is their tenacious efforts in acquiring equality that has given them such acclamation. While it is clear that America’s history of African American oppression is explicitly cruel and barbaric, I argue that the aftermath of such a grim past has helped to affirm a culturally rich, strong, and resilient race. Through abuse, prejudice, and death, African Americans have remained strongRead MoreThe Legacy Of The Civil War Essay1593 Words   |  7 Pagespain. Veteran William Lloyd Garrison describes few of many changes that occurred after the Civil War, including the abolishment of slavery and the African American being granted for the first time in history the right to vote. As the civil war came to an end, the United States began to establish an undivided nation. This era known as the reconstruction era is described as â€Å"meaning literally the rebuilding of a shattered nation. (verterans of the civil movment, n.d.) Reconstruction’s main goal was toRead MoreThe Civil War Was A Grave Cause Of Many Events. Many People1663 Words   |  7 Pagesfollowing eras. One of the most prominent eras that emerged from the civil war was the reconstruction era. The reconstruction era emerged around 1865 and continued until 1877. This time period generally refers to the time in United States history in which the federal government set the conditions that would allow the rebellious Southern states back into the Union. The States were divided i nto the Union (North) and Confederacy (South). The Division of Nation It was in 1860 when the United states was dividedRead MoreThe Positive Impact Of Reconstruction1216 Words   |  5 PagesJust imagine that you were born when slavery was allowed in the United States. Better yet, imagine yourself as an African American/ black and being born into slavery. What would you do? Would you try to escape to freedom or remain a slave and serve â€Å"your master† until you die or until slavery is totally abolished? Well that’s when the Reconstruction Era comes in. The Civil War was a major cause that led to the Reconstruction Era. This was due to the Union winning the war between them and the SouthRead MoreThe Reconstruction Era During The Civil War910 Words   |  4 Pagesone time African Americans were treated poorly this country wouldn’t be what it is today without what African Americans went through. They have had such a major impact on music, movies, literature, sports, and many other things. The Reconstruction Era took place after the end of the Civil War. It lasted from 1965 to 1977. It was the North’s way of making peace with not only former slaves, but the South as well. The Reconstruction Era attempted to better the lives of African Americans by makingRead MoreAmerica Needs A Second Reconstruction Era1425 Words   |  6 PagesThroughout American history, minorities of all types have struggled for equal rights and acknowledgement. However, now that slavery is illegal and we’ve had an African American president, many Americans think that the fight is over; racism is dead, we are finally all created equal. This is a lie. Racism is not dead; America has elected a president that ran a campaign off of it and people of color are still vastly disadvantaged and underrepresented. We are not all created equal; white women make seventy-fourRead MoreReconstruction During The Civil War Essay1676 Words   |  7 PagesReconstruction The United States went through many changes after the Civil War and during the Reconstruction period of 1866-1877. Before Abraham Lincoln was assassinated on December, 1863, by John Wilkes, Lincoln announced the first Reconstruction plan a year before the Civil War had ended and Lincoln offered general amnesty to white southerners who would pledge an oath of loyalty to the government and accept the abolition of slavery. During the summer of 1865, Johnson not long after he took office

Thursday, December 19, 2019

How Microvascular Reconstructive Surgery Is An Effective...

Microvascular reconstructive flap surgery is an effective way for the medical team to improve the appearance or functionality of a surgical or existing tissue defect. Microvascular free tissue transfers, or free flaps, are monitored for arterial and venous insufficiency for several days during the post-operative period. The gold standard for flap monitoring includes the clinical inspection of color, capillary refill, temperature, and turgor of the transplanted tissue involved. Due to limited alternative reconstructive options available to patients, accurate and timely flap assessments are critical to the viability of the flap. Unfortunately post-operative complications are sometimes unavoidable, however monitoring by a trained clinician is associated with early flap salvage rates that in turn improve patient care outcomes (Salgado, Chim, Shoenoff, Mardini, 2010). This performance improvement proposal explores the efficiency and accuracy of using telemedicine as an adjunct method of free flap monitoring comparted to traditional methods. This proposal will discuss the relevance of using digital photographs and internet technology as a means to improve response times between the nurse and the primary plastic surgeon that increase salvage rates of ischemic flaps. Conclusive findings from two studies involving 200 free flaps indicate that digital photographs and smart phone communication resulted timely intervention by the plastic that contributed to the success of flap

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Organizational Communication Era of Globalization

Question: Discuss about the Report for Organizational Communication for Era of Globalization. Answer: Introduction: Communication in the organizational structure is among the most important factor that organizations have to maintain in order to fulfill requirements of the operational processes. Specifically, in the present competitive business environment, communication has able to increase its significance in a great way. Effective communication within the organizational structure help to fulfill all the requirements of the operational processes. 1: The report will focus on the Commonwealth bank of Australia communication process. The report will consider Commonwealth bank, as it is regarded as one of the premier financial institution within the country. In fact, the organization has its presence in New Zealand, United Kingdom and USA also ( 2016). It highlights the fact that the organization has able to create effective communication structure among the different levels of employees in order to fulfill all the objectives of the organization. 2: Formal communication network are developed by the company, which is and accepted by all the employees. Formal communication also has two parts namely centralized communication and decentralized communication (Curtis and Cachia 2015). In Commonwealth bank, decentralized communication procedure is utilized. Conversely, informal communication network tend to help in utilizing effective communication when formal communication structure broke down. Formal communication channel provides information regarding policies, goals and procedures. Therefore, Commonwealth banks newsletter can be regarded as one of the prime for communication channel, as it provides employees as well as clients clear idea regarding objectives and goals of the organization. Formal communication channel also includes reports, memoranda, chain of command, employers manual (Cornelissen 2013). On the other hand, informational communication channel includes lunchtime conversations, managers walking around etc. Commonwealth bank includes two-way communication process in order to fulfill all the requirements of the operational process. Organizational communication flow can be upward, downward, and diagonal according to their requirements (Braaf et al. 2013). Now, Commonwealth bank is an extremely big financial institution. Therefore, it focuses on utilizing combination of communication flow so that it can able to fulfill all the requirements. Figure 1: Flow of communication (Source: Joseph, O'Brien and Correa 2016) The above diagram highlights the fact that Commonwealth bank has focuses on the development of effective communication structure so that the information can flow in an appropriate manner. However, Commonwealth bank has provided opportunities to all the employees so that they can share information effectively. 3: Commonwealth bank focuses on the management approaches such as delegating, equipping and setting goals in order to create proper communication channel. In case of goal setting approach, organization focuses on the utilization of brief and clear communication process so that it can able to create desired impact on the effectiveness of the organization. In case of delegating approach, organization focuses on the utilization of much elaborate process of communication so that every member within the organizational structure can able to understand the significance (De Nobile 2016). In case of equipping, organization tries to communicate the role of each member effectively. Commonwealth bank focuses on the effective utilization of goal setting approach so that it can able to fulfill all the objectives (Rajhans 2012). Commonwealth bank tries to utilize is well-developed structure in such a way so that it can able to communicate goals to the each member effectively. Commonwealth bank focuses on the utilization of arrow approach in order to share message effectively with the employees. Furthermore, arrow approach for communication also helps organization to speak with authority and credibility (Deshpande 2013). Thus, it has created major positive impact on getting desired results from all level of the employees. 4: As per the article by Strongman (2013) organizational culture reflects a system based on the shared values, assumptions and beliefs that examine how people behave within the organizational structure. All the shared values have major influence on the employees regarding how they dress, perform and act within the organizational structure. On the other hand, organizational climate reflects shared attitudes and perceptions about the organization. Organizational culture depends based on sociology and anthropology whereas organizational climate based on psychology. For that reason, organizational climate does not deal with norms and values. In fact, organizational climate is concerned with the present organizational atmosphere (Strongman 2013). However, organizational culture depends heavily on the values and norms. In fact, employees can able to learn what is unacceptable or acceptable within the organizational structure. Organizational climate depends heavily on the managerial prescription whereas organizational culture is long lasting and does not depends too much on the managerial decisions. Commonwealth bank focuses on five cultural elements including trust, space, value, norms and faith for the effective utilization of communication process. Trust and faith has helped employees to share personal information with the other employees effectively. Thus, it helps to create strong bonding among each member of the team. On the other hand, value and norm helps Commonwealth bank to reduce any possibility of misconduct during the communication process (Gonzalez Gonzalez and Zamora Ramrez 2016). Finally, space helps employees to share their thoughts and opining in a much more effective way. 5: Commonwealth bank is present all across Australia and New Zealand region. Therefore, the organization often faces difficulties in maintaining effective communication with several branches in an appropriate manner. In order to reduce this problem organization will have to consult with higher authorities of different branches. Furthermore, organization will have to specify a platform, which has to be used by the employees at the time of communicating employees working in different branches (Tourish 2014). It will also have to conduct different official programs to enhance the cohesiveness among the employees working in different branches. 6: It has been identified that employees working in the ground level position is facing difficulties in sharing their problem to the higher authorities. Therefore, Commonwealth bank has to focus on the internal communication procedure so that it can able to reduce the difficulties in an appropriate way. Firstly, organization will have to collect feedback from the focus executive level employees. Secondly, it has to identify the exact reason for the break in the communication process. In the third step, it has to focus on the evaluation of best possible strategy so that employees regardless of position can able to share their thoughts and perceptions effectively. In the final step, it has to focus on the effective implementation procedure of the selected strategy so that it can able to eliminate barriers in the communication process. Conclusion: It can be mentioned that organization will have to utilize different aspect of communication approach in order to fulfill all the requirements of operational process. Furthermore, communication depends heavily on the organizational culture and climate. Therefore, it is necessary for the organization to utilize these factors in an appropriate manner. References: Braaf, S., Manias, E., Finch, S., Riley, R. and Munro, F., 2013. Healthcare service provider perceptions of organisational communication across the perioperative pathway: A questionnaire survey.Journal of clinical nursing,22(1-2), pp.180-191. 2016.Personal banking including accounts, credit cards and home loans - CommBank. [online] Available at: [Accessed 19 Sep. 2016]. Cornelissen, J., 2013. Integrated Organisational Communication.Corporate Communications: An International Journal. Curtis, H. and Cachia, M., 2015. The impact of globalisation on organisational communication: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. De Nobile, J., 2016. Organisational communication and its relationships with occupational stress of primary school staff in Western Australia.The Australian Educational Researcher,43(2), pp.185-201. Deshpande, P.P., 2013. Improving Organisational Communication in the Era of Globalisation.Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences Humanities,21(2). Gonzalez Gonzalez, J.M. and Zamora Ramrez, C., 2016. Organisational communication on climate change: The influence of the institutional context and the adoption pattern.International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management,8(2), pp.286-316. Joseph, K., O'Brien, T. and Correa, H., 2016. Tax strategies and organisational communication in MNC supply chains: case studies.International Journal of Logistics Research and Applications, pp.1-24. Paturas, J.L., Smith, S.R., Albanese, J. and Waite, G., 2016. Inter-organisational response to disasters.Journal of Business Continuity Emergency Planning,9(4), pp.346-358. Rajhans, K., 2012. Effective organizational communication: A key to employee motivation and performance.Interscience Management Review,2(2), pp.81-85. Strongman, L., 2013. Missing signposts? Tensions between the unitary and pluralistic components of rational arguments and in organisational communication.Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society,11(1), pp.31-42. Tourish, D., 2014. Leadership, more or less? A processual, communication perspective on the role of agency in leadership theory.Leadership,10(1), pp.79-98.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Write About Some Of The Ways Fitzgerald free essay sample

This short, sharp reply indicates Nicks venerated friendship with Gatsby verges on devotion as he cannot accept that Gatsby is not a wholly good man. Nick also makes sure to comment on Gatsby attempt at an honest career of janitors work [page 105] to pay for collage, and the single sentence of he didnt get it [page 107] (In reference to the inheritance from Dan Cody). This sentence particularly stands out as it is unusually short, and evokes the readers sympathy for Gatsby situation. Chapter six is not told in chronological order, as Nick admits that the tale of Gatsby past before the party, yet Gatsby Told me all this very much later. Fitzgerald decision to show the reader Gatsby unsuccessful past a laborer immediately before a lavish party throws the reader, and clearly shows the contrast between James Gate and Jay Gatsby. The majority of activity in chapter six is set at Gatsby house, both in daytime when Tom Buchanan visits, and at night, during another lavish party. We will write a custom essay sample on Write About Some Of The Ways Fitzgerald or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Gatsby regularly acts in ways which surprise Nick, who continuously comments on this; including being startled [page 1 07] at Tom coming for a drink at Gatsby, and noting that Gatsby . .. Wanted to go and her didnt see that Mr. Sloan had determined that he 109] These comments remind he reader that Nick is recounting events, and emphasis the fact that Gatsby does not conform to all conventions.They also show that although many people visit Gatsby, they are not his friends, as shown when Gatsby is invited for dinner as a socially dictated politeness, and then left behind, as he was simply being used for his hospitality, being too polite to object [page 15]. However, as this is being retrospectively told by Nick, it could have been influenced to create a more sympathetic view of Gatsby. Fitzgerald uses color to great effect in chapter six, specifically green, which often a positively enforced color, and has many previous links to Gatsby and Daisy, such as the green light at the end of the Buchanan property. Daisy is linked to green in Chapter six when she says to nick, If you want to kiss me Present a green card. Im giving out green- [page 11]. This is unexpected, as Nick clearly does not Write about some of the ways Fitzgerald tells the story in chapter 6. Love Daisy, who is married and with her husband at the party. However this could be seen as an indirect message to Gatsby, through Nick who appears to be his closest acquaintance.